PDA

View Full Version : Altec crossover



bluelobster
12-12-2004, 05:34 PM
I have a pair of 846u and would like to try some experimenting. Since I have nice cabinets and decent drivers, 806-8z HF, 811 horn and 411 or 413 8a woofer from the Santiago, I can't recall right now.
I would like to raise the crossover from 800hz to 1200hz as in the model 19.
Which crossover network would I need? I have a spare set of n501-8a that could be used as a test bed if need be.
I still have the original 416-8z woofers if needed to make things work.I just liked the bass response of the 411/413 better.

Don McRitchie
12-12-2004, 05:38 PM
I'd be very surprised if the 411 would work with that high a cross-over. The 411 is a medium efficiency driver that has been optimized for LF extension with a much heavier cone than the 416 used in the Model 19. It required an attenuator to be used with the standard Altec cross-overs of the day so that the HF driver could be stepped down to match the lower efficiency 411.

Earl K
12-13-2004, 06:03 AM
Hi bluelobster

- You can search eBay for the N1201-8a or N1209-8a crossovers.

- These both have 1200 hz points and were mostly used with the 416 type woofer.

- Look HERE (http://cgi.ebay.com/ws/eBayISAPI.dll?ViewItem&category=3284&item=5735008445&rd=1&ssPageName=WDVW) to see a past sale of the N1201 type.

- Both of these crossover models have a "midrange" suppression circuit to help rebalance the midrange response to the top-end response. I'm guessing this is why you want to move your existing crossover point higher .

- If you get any of these crossovers, seriously consider upgrading the series inductor for the woofers, to a 14 ga "air-core" type. Also, I'd recommend "bypassing" the existing caps. Read "The Bypassing Thread" (http://audioheritage.csdco.com/vbulletin/showthread.php?t=3555) for an education on "Bypassing" capacitors .

- As Don stated, the 411s heavy cone mass may disappoint you in its reproduction of the extra 1/2 octave that you'll be adding to its' playback duties . If that becomes the case , then go back to the 803/416 woofer . Or, consider putting a JBL 2235H speaker in there . The 2235H speaker has a mid-weight cone but has extra "mass" added to it in the form of a circular aluminum ring glued to the VC former. This added mass ( like the heavy cone of the 411 ) is what gives this speaker the ability ( among other factors ) to generate convincing bass . This speaker ( 2235h ) offers a well engineered balance between VLF, LF and Midband response. It's sensitivity is about the same as the Altec 411 .

regards <. Earl K

bluelobster
12-13-2004, 02:09 PM
Thanks Earl. I have another question now. I am familiar with what an inductor is but not your terminology. Could you better describe the 14ga inductor in series?

Earl K
12-13-2004, 02:31 PM
Could you better describe the 14ga inductor in series?

- I guess I was being vague .

- I mean the inductor that's in the "lowpass" portion of the crossover .

If you buy , one of the 2 mentioned crossovers, then consider replacing the lowpass inductor with an aircore type made of 14 gauge wire . You can buy inductors of this nature from
Parts Express - AirCore (http://www.partsexpress.com/webpage.cfm?DID=7&WebPage_ID=3&Start=2&Filter=DCR%3A%2C14%2Bgauge&searchorderby=1&ObjectGroup_ID=281&sm=1&so=1&search_type=63332403&desc=ASC) up to a certain value. If you can't get an aircore mh value in your budget ( or it won't fit the crossover ), see if the Iron Cores made by "Erse" (at Parts Express ) (http://www.partsexpress.com/webpage.cfm?DID=7&WebPage_ID=3&Start=2&searchorderby=1&Manufacturer=241&sm=1&so=1&search_type=7623372&desc=ASC) can be made to work . I don't know which value you might need .

Here are pics of the two types of inductors .

regards <. Earl K

Earl K
12-14-2004, 05:32 AM
Hi bluelobster,

Looks like I was wrong to assume there was just a single series inductor in the woofer circuit of the N1201-8a.

Here's the schematic , as laid out by Jim Easley, this was downloaded from Jeff Markwarts' Corner "Web-Page" (http://home.earthlink.net/~jmarkwart/)

- As you can see, an upgrade to better inductors in the woofer circuit involves replacing 2 inductors. Jeff recommends better parts compared to my own articulations.

- Also, here's what the inside looks like of the N1201-8a crossover, with the "cowling" removed.

- Here's a picture of the insides of a N1209-8a that I own. The 25 piece is added for scale , along with a 16 or 18 gauge / 1.6mh coil . As you can see the inductors / coils / "chokes" are physically quite small inside the crossover . Retrofitting in better ( larger ) types will be a challenge .

- Here's a picture of the insides of one of the two types of cap found in these crossovers. You can see from the picture that its dielectric type is "Paper in Oil" . The other dielectric type "made by Callins" is still unknown ( since I haven't yet "sacrificed" a cap to find out ). When I opened this other cap (about 2 months ago ) there was already some "oxidation" to the most "oiley" portions. My point ??? most likely, all these 20 to 40 year old "paper in oil caps" should be replaced - unless a person can check them out and verify that there's no "capacitance drift". FWIW ; I've heard some pretty nasty "resonances" ( in the past ), particularly on female voices, when auditioning these ( aged ) surplus-type "PIO" caps.

regards <> Earl K

bluelobster
12-14-2004, 03:49 PM
Again, Thanks. I'm doing my homework!
Mike

MJP
10-21-2007, 03:43 AM
Hi bluelobster,

Looks like I was wrong to assume there was just a single series inductor in the woofer circuit of the N1201-8a.

Here's the schematic , as laid out by Jim Easley, this was downloaded from Jeff Markwarts' Corner "Web-Page" (http://home.earthlink.net/~jmarkwart/)

- As you can see, an upgrade to better inductors in the woofer circuit involves replacing 2 inductors. Jeff recommends better parts compared to my own articulations.

- Also, here's what the inside looks like of the N1201-8a crossover, with the "cowling" removed.

- Here's a picture of the insides of a N1209-8a that I own. The 25 piece is added for scale , along with a 16 or 18 gauge / 1.6mh coil . As you can see the inductors / coils / "chokes" are physically quite small inside the crossover . Retrofitting in better ( larger ) types will be a challenge .

- Here's a picture of the insides of one of the two types of cap found in these crossovers. You can see from the picture that its dielectric type is "Paper in Oil" . The other dielectric type "made by Callins" is still unknown ( since I haven't yet "sacrificed" a cap to find out ). When I opened this other cap (about 2 months ago ) there was already some "oxidation" to the most "oiley" portions. My point ??? most likely, all these 20 to 40 year old "paper in oil caps" should be replaced - unless a person can check them out and verify that there's no "capacitance drift". FWIW ; I've heard some pretty nasty "resonances" ( in the past ), particularly on female voices, when auditioning these ( aged ) surplus-type "PIO" caps.

regards <> Earl K

What is the difference between N1209-8A and N1201-8A? How about the circuit, same?

Earl K
10-21-2007, 09:16 AM
What is the difference between N1209-8A and N1201-8A? How about the circuit, same?

- The N1209-8A & the N1201-8a are different circuits though they both offer 1200 hz crossover points .
- ( I don't have a schematic for the N1209-8a but I've followed the circuitry enough to know it has important differences from the N1201-8a .

- The N1209-8a has a Zobel ( conjugate RC ) in the lowpass section while the N1201a does not. I figure Altec put into the N1209 a very generic Zobel value since this crossover was marketed for use with a variety of ALtecs' VOT woofers ( including the 421, though it is more of a midbass woofer ).
- The N1201-8a has no Zobel in it and as such should only be used with the 416-8B or C woofer ( unless you want to add a Zobel ) .

- The N1209-8a has a 12 db per slope Hipass section, while the N1201-8a has an 18 db sloped Hipass. Both networks have woofer circuits that use 12 db slopes.
- When using the N1209-8a, one should flip the polarity of wiring for the horn or the woofer ( but not both ).

:)

big speaker
08-31-2012, 09:15 PM
Hi bluelobster,

Looks like I was wrong to assume there was just a single series inductor in the woofer circuit of the N1201-8a.

Here's the schematic , as laid out by Jim Easley, this was downloaded from Jeff Markwarts' Corner "Web-Page" (http://home.earthlink.net/~jmarkwart/)

- As you can see, an upgrade to better inductors in the woofer circuit involves replacing 2 inductors. Jeff recommends better parts compared to my own articulations.

- Also, here's what the inside looks like of the N1201-8a crossover, with the "cowling" removed.

- Here's a picture of the insides of a N1209-8a that I own. The 25 piece is added for scale , along with a 16 or 18 gauge / 1.6mh coil . As you can see the inductors / coils / "chokes" are physically quite small inside the crossover . Retrofitting in better ( larger ) types will be a challenge .

- Here's a picture of the insides of one of the two types of cap found in these crossovers. You can see from the picture that its dielectric type is "Paper in Oil" . The other dielectric type "made by Callins" is still unknown ( since I haven't yet "sacrificed" a cap to find out ). When I opened this other cap (about 2 months ago ) there was already some "oxidation" to the most "oiley" portions. My point ??? most likely, all these 20 to 40 year old "paper in oil caps" should be replaced - unless a person can check them out and verify that there's no "capacitance drift". FWIW ; I've heard some pretty nasty "resonances" ( in the past ), particularly on female voices, when auditioning these ( aged ) surplus-type "PIO" caps.

regards <> Earl K hi i found when the original coils are removed it changes the tone of the crossover it is better to have them rewind the choke