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danfan78
03-27-2016, 11:18 PM
I have found a lot of helpful information here so I have decided to join and start a thread. I own a pair of JBL S38II that were being used for mains and a friend recommended that I get a pair of L100Ts (or T3s). I was wanting to achieve a big soundstage with good imaging. After some searching and patience, I found a nice pair of L100Ts with sequential serial numbers, refoamed woofers and good cabinets. The seller still had the original cartons and packing material saved--which I used to transport them. My friend and I re-oiled the cabinets, repaired a small chip in the veneer, fixed a speaker grill post, and replaced the grillcloth. They turned out looking like new but the sound--well that was something else entirely.

We tried them on the floor, raised them up, and experimented with tilt, toe, and moving them in and out from the wall and no matter what they are very bright--especially in the mids. I was able to curb this with use of an EQ (digital plug-in on JRiver) and it helped but they just didn't sound quite right compared to what I expected. From what I have read, the T3 crossover helps a lot...so again with patience, I found a pair on Ebay. They needed a little TLC, and a couple of components replaced. After a clean bill of health from an audio technician, I installed them and got better results overall but no "wow, that's a different speaker!" effect. Polarity was a concern, but it is correct.

After trying L100T3 crossovers, I tried a set of 4412 crossovers with L pads. These are very similar to the original L100T crossover design except for the addition of L pads. We thought that these would be the ultimate cure but to our surprise, the crossovers don't sound right at all--even after checking (and correcting) polarity and making incremental adjustments to the mids and highs.

Right now the T3 crossovers are back in and the speakers are raised up 6", slightly toed in, slightly tilted back and sound the best that I have heard them. However, on really good recordings, female vocals are a little too forward and there is still some harshness in the 3K range. I feel like placement alone will not give me the equalization I need. My next thought is to attempt temperorarily installing L pads in conjunction with the T3 crossovers to get these things tamed. I would like to hear thoughts and get some feedback from those who know these speakers or have had similar problems.

DavidF
03-28-2016, 12:24 PM
The tweeter, the 035ti or -tia, has a foam plug sitting on the pole piece behind the metal dome. The purpose of the foam is to damp resonance and meant to actually contact the dome. Soooo, as foam it will deteriorate. At worst it can form into a sort of goo that can seep into the coil gap and impede the tweeter's ability to function. You can get some nasty response artifacts IF this is the problem.

This is one possibility but if the tweeters have never been touched, then a potential problem even if the foam has not moved down into the gap.

The face plate is removable but you need a little patience in reassembly. Best to have a signal (tone generator or CD with test tones) playing through to help get the coil centered. Reply if you want to explore this further.


P.S. ...welcome to the forum.

70550

SEAWOLF97
03-28-2016, 12:52 PM
The tweeter, the 035ti or -tia, has a foam plug sitting on the pole piece behind the metal dome. The purpose of the foam is to damp resonance and meant to actually contact the dome. Soooo, as foam it will deteriorate. At worst it can form into a sort of goo that can seep into the coil gap and impede the tweeter's ability to function. You can get some nasty response artifacts IF this is the problem.


this thread is about replacing foam in a 044Ti , but good info on the foam if you need to do the 035

http://www.audioheritage.org/vbulletin/showthread.php?29325-044Ti-questions-Help-needed&highlight=044ti+help

danfan78
03-28-2016, 02:50 PM
The tweeter, the 035ti or -tia, has a foam plug sitting on the pole piece behind the metal dome. The purpose of the foam is to damp resonance and meant to actually contact the dome. Soooo, as foam it will deteriorate. At worst it can form into a sort of goo that can seep into the coil gap and impede the tweeter's ability to function. You can get some nasty response artifacts IF this is the problem.

This is one possibility but if the tweeters have never been touched, then a potential problem even if the foam has not moved down into the gap.

The face plate is removable but you need a little patience in reassembly. Best to have a signal (tone generator or CD with test tones) playing through to help get the coil centered. Reply if you want to explore this further.


P.S. ...welcome to the forum.



Thanks for the welcome and reply. I have heard about this issue with the foam but I have yet to check the condition of mine. It is something that I do need to explore. I have two more additional tweeters of this type in a pair of L20Ts. I will say that the tweeters sound fantastic and crisp. The issue that I'm hearing is in the midrange--particularly in the 3K range. The driver chambers do have insulation pieces in them but there is a small hole where the wires are ported through. I had to dig out a little of the hot glue dab in order to swap out crossovers, I did not reseal these holes yet because I'm still experimenting. The small hole is acting as a tiny vent for the midrange driver but I doubt the difference between a sealed chamber and having the tiny hole is audible.

DavidF
03-28-2016, 04:30 PM
Thanks for the welcome and reply. I have heard about this issue with the foam but I have yet to check the condition of mine. It is something that I do need to explore. I have two more additional tweeters of this type in a pair of L20Ts. I will say that the tweeters sound fantastic and crisp. The issue that I'm hearing is in the midrange--particularly in the 3K range. The driver chambers do have insulation pieces in them but there is a small hole where the wires are ported through. I had to dig out a little of the hot glue dab in order to swap out crossovers, I did not reseal these holes yet because I'm still experimenting. The small hole is acting as a tiny vent for the midrange driver but I doubt the difference between a sealed chamber and having the tiny hole is audible.

Swap out the tweeters, if they are the same model (input terminal location may be different). I have heard a tweeter with gap clogged. It tended to howl like some there were some resonances in the lower responses and the high end response was nil in comparison. So this would sound harsh in the tweeter's pass band from (4k Hz and lower).

If it is not the tweeters, then what? Can't say for sure. I would not think that the system voicing of the L100t would be all that different from the 3-way S38 you are used to. These mids are fairly indestructible if not abused.

danfan78
04-04-2016, 08:02 PM
I don't see any issues with the tweeters from either speaker (L100T or L20T). The L100ts, even with the L100T3 crossovers, are still too forward in the mids. I might try replacing the insulation in the midrange chambers with some foam to help deaden them some. I still need to seal up the small holes in the back of the chambers from where I have swapped out crossovers too, but am waiting until I know that all modifications are permanent. I'm still entertaining adding L-pads in conjunction with the T3 crossovers but need some guidance on how do do it and maintain proper crossover function.

speakerdave
04-05-2016, 11:35 AM
Suppressed bass could sound like aggressive midrange. If the new foams on the woofers are wrong--not as compliant as they should be--woofer cone movement will be impeded.

speakerdave
04-05-2016, 11:48 AM
Also, I think you were right to consider the hole in the sub chamber. You might be right that it does not matter, but I would take the time to plug it temporarily with modeling clay, which would have to be redone soon, or duct seal which would be longer term.

Chris Brown
04-05-2016, 12:07 PM
OP, i'm not surprised that the 4412 crossovers did not give you what you were looking for. I have a pair of 4412 speakers right next to my L100T speakers (with crossovers upgraded to T3 spec) and the 4412 speakers have considerably more mid-range. That is because they are studio monitors and are supposed to be as flat sounding as possible. The L100T speakers have a degree of that traditional "West-coast" sound, which involves somewhat of a recessed midrange (particularly lower midrange). I also have a pair of L150 speakers, and they exhibit more of that "west-coast" sound even compared to the L100T speakers. If you end up giving up on the L100T speakers, you might look for a pair of L150s, or maybe a pair of L110, L112, or other JBLs of that slightly older vintage.


There is no "sub" chamber in an L100T box? Not on any I have ever seen/worked on. Just a cup for the mid

There more than one version of this box?

He had to have meant "Sub chamber" in the context of the mid chamber being a subset of the main chamber.

DavidF
04-05-2016, 03:58 PM
I don't see any issues with the tweeters from either speaker (L100T or L20T). The L100ts, even with the L100T3 crossovers, are still too forward in the mids. I might try replacing the insulation in the midrange chambers with some foam to help deaden them some. I still need to seal up the small holes in the back of the chambers from where I have swapped out crossovers too, but am waiting until I know that all modifications are permanent. I'm still entertaining adding L-pads in conjunction with the T3 crossovers but need some guidance on how do do it and maintain proper crossover function.

The LPad may work for you but not without some amount of re-wiring and unpredictable changes in the response. The introduction of the 8ohm load in the circuit may unbalance the filter response that was designed for the resistive load of the circuit plus the driver.

Anyway, I suggest inserting the LPads ahead of C5 and L3 in the midrange circuit, and ahead of L4 in the tweeter circuit. I think you want the ability to adjust both. The DC resistances of the mid and the tweeter suggests using a 4 ohm LPad, but you may want to use 8 ohm in this application.



70744

danfan78
04-05-2016, 07:51 PM
Let me explain a few things in more detail about what I have currently. My room is 13 X 20. I wish it could have been a little wider but when I finished the basement area I have, I am confined by exterior walls and a center load bearing wall so the dimensions are unchangeable. The walls are sheetrock, the floor is carpet, and the ceiling has accoustic tiles. The L100Ts are firing along the long walls. I tried to get the speakers as close to only 8 feet apart as possible in order to get them at a good spacing for their size but away from the side walls. Between them is my 65" TV with stand, audio rack, and a Klipsch SW-12 subwoofer. I have moved them between 1-3 three feet from the back walls and they seem to like being 2.5' away. However, the tweeter centerlines are only about 18" from each side wall. There is not much I can do about it. The speakers are toed in 2" each, raised 6" and tilted back a few degrees. I get good imaging, a big sound stage, and almost an ethereal three-diminsional sound from really good recordings. The T3 crossovers are definately a good improvement. I had hoped that the new crossovers would have provided some improved attenuation for the midrange, but it didn't.

It was noted that I had made small openings around the wires going into the back of each midrange chamber only so that I could swap between crossovers (T, 4412, and T3). If I had it to go over I should have just unsoldered the midrange wires from the original crossovers. Then I could have put on some temporary Faston connectors to connect them to the crossovers--which would have kept the chambers completely sealed. The drivers do have rubber gaskets and they are in good condition. However, I have yet to grab the hot glue gun and seal them back up. The holes are so small that I can only remove wires one at a time anyway. The foam job on the 12" woofers was done by a shop that the original owner sent them to some time within the last five years. It looks good to me. It's neat, centered, and on the outside of the cones. It makes a lot of sense that if the bass is weak for some reason, that the midrange would sound off more than it should, but I'll have to say that the T3 crossovers improved the bass some. Adjusting the speaker placement warmed them up some too. I feel that I am close to achieving great sound with them, but nocking down the midrange a couple of decibels will probably be required. I know that the L112 and 150 were mentioned and to their advantage they have L-pads. I think the L100T, as well as others in that lineup should have had them too. This way they are dialed into a room. I am currently looking to try some XPL 140s if I can get them, maybe some 4410s (original, not As), or the elusive 120Ti with its midrange attenuator. Until I either fix the L100Ts or find a replacement that I like, they are are not altogether bad or unlistenable--just forward in the upper midrange (around 3K).

SEAWOLF97
04-05-2016, 09:38 PM
I know some will freak at the thought of damping material in front of the LE5, but hey, they've been causing pain and problems for decades, ergo "the West Coast Sound": translation? Too f'ing BRIGHT in a whole lot of typical, real world rooms
(what's the first thing a LOT of people do when they get a pair of L20Ts?

Thomas

I had some little Altecs. They tamed the tweet by making a small cloth cover over it ..OEM

mech986
04-06-2016, 12:58 AM
Hi danfan, welcome to LH!

Your situation does sound perplexing, and I know you have done a lot already but let me ask some basic questions so we're all on the same page.

these L100T units were worked on by the previous owner so let's start there.
1. Do you have the correct 2214H woofers, 104H-2 midranges, and 035Ti tweeters?

2. You mentioned the PO had refoamed them. Did the work himself, or sent out? Source of foams, thin or thicker foams, and mounted front or back of cone edge? In my experience, the correct foam is a thinner foam rather than the typical mid-thickness foam used on JBL 12" drivers like the 2203, 128H and similar. The thicker foams may fit, but will not allow the 2214H to resonate or extend as low properly, and may accent the upper midbass.
Some pics here and a push or pinch test may give some idea for us.

3. is it possible the woofer was actually reconed with aftermarket parts? There should be a five digit printed number on the cone for an OEM JBL cone.

4. if the 2214H has the faston connectors, then polarity should be correct with the crossover connection as is.

5. Assuming you have the correct 104H-2 mids, do they have any dents in the center cap? I'm wondering if they got misaligned and you're hearing distortion instead of clean midrange. The 104H-2 should have a black colored front frame.

6. Is all of the fiberglass lining intact inside the speaker cabinet? It needs to be there on all surfaces for the cabinet loading to be correct. should look like this, minus the dry cat food.
http://www.xix-acoustics.com/studiy/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/IMAG0224.jpg

mech986
04-06-2016, 01:11 AM
7. Is the port tube correct - my L100T3 port measures 4 1/8" ID x 5 1/4" long.

8. As you mentioned, seals around all drivers, and the midrange cup should be intact and sealed.

Wagner
04-06-2016, 07:08 AM
Hi danfan, welcome to AK!

Hi mech986, this is Lansing Heritage not "AK"!

mech986
04-06-2016, 11:48 AM
Hi mech986, this is Lansing Heritage not "AK"!

Thanks, getting confused in my old age.

danfan78
04-07-2016, 02:13 AM
Hi danfan, welcome to LH!

Your situation does sound perplexing, and I know you have done a lot already but let me ask some basic questions so we're all on the same page.

these L100T units were worked on by the previous owner so let's start there.
1. Do you have the correct 2214H woofers, 104H-2 midranges, and 035Ti tweeters?

2. You mentioned the PO had refoamed them. Did the work himself, or sent out? Source of foams, thin or thicker foams, and mounted front or back of cone edge? In my experience, the correct foam is a thinner foam rather than the typical mid-thickness foam used on JBL 12" drivers like the 2203, 128H and similar. The thicker foams may fit, but will not allow the 2214H to resonate or extend as low properly, and may accent the upper midbass.
Some pics here and a push or pinch test may give some idea for us.

3. is it possible the woofer was actually reconed with aftermarket parts? There should be a five digit printed number on the cone for an OEM JBL cone.

4. if the 2214H has the faston connectors, then polarity should be correct with the crossover connection as is.

5. Assuming you have the correct 104H-2 mids, do they have any dents in the center cap? I'm wondering if they got misaligned and you're hearing distortion instead of clean midrange. The 104H-2 should have a black colored front frame.

6. Is all of the fiberglass lining intact inside the speaker cabinet? It needs to be there on all surfaces for the cabinet loading to be correct. should look like this, minus the dry cat food.


All drivers are correct and original except for one of the tweeters. One went out after a few weeks of playing them and it is probably an open connection involving the fine wire. I got a replacement genuine 035Ti that is identical to the other. The midrange drivers have rubber gaskets on them and the woofers have the fiber gaskets fully intact and glued to the cabinet. All insulation is in good shape and cabinet walls are padded. The original owner sent the woofers out to a shop for refoaming only. The foam seems to be the correct thickness when compared to friend's XPLs with the same woofers. The overall foam job looks good and is on the outside of the cone. The ports are original and flawless. The original crossovers that I took out were in mint condition. Honestly I can find no physical flaws with any component on these speakers. They are easily a 9-10. 1987 mfg date, consecutive serial numbers, and plenty of years left.

The L100T3 crossovers from fleabay needed a little work. I had an audio technician bench check them and every component was in spec except for two open resistors in one of the midrange circuits and a red wire needed to be replaced due to damage. I robbed a red wire off one of the original crossovers and one 2.4 ohm resistor that was bad. The other resistor that was bad was the 20 ohm and was a different style than the one on the original crossover. I got a similar package replacement from Parts Express and installed the new ones in the same location on both crossovers in the midrange circuits. When I got the T3 crossovers in, I could tell that there was definately some refinement and toning down of the tweeters. The lower midrange improved. The midrange for the most part sounds good but can begin to get hot around 3kHz--especially on good recordings. These speakers are anything but laid back, which I expected, but a slight attenuation in the midrange might just make them the fantastic, dynamic monitors I wanted.

danfan78
04-29-2016, 10:43 PM
I need to correct a statement I made in my pervious post. The foam is on the inside of the woofer cones, not outside. I have no idea why I said that. :dont-know: Foam job is good, professional. It has the appearance and thickness of OEM and it was done by a certified JBL shop. Anyway, I have found that with the speakers moved back to about 20" from the back wall, they warm up considerably and this helps to tame the midrange. They are towed in at 2 1/2", raised up 6" and have about a 1/2" tilt back and they are pretty nice at that placement. The sidewalls of the room are only about 13" away from the outside edge of each speaker and this is reinforcing brightness issues through early reflections. There is little I can do about this due to the placement of all other equipment.


For anybody reading, the T3 crossover is an improvement and makes these speakers much better. However there are other JBL monitors out there that have a much smoother midrange. I have listened to XPL200A's and LSR 32's recently and they get a lot of things right.

danfan78
12-07-2016, 02:20 AM
Last month, I was extremely fortunate to pick up a very nice pair of 120ti's from a small studio in Dahlonega, GA where they were being used as midfield monitors. I have heard a lot of praise for these monitors and had very high hopes for them to outperform the L100T (T3) that I have. So far, I can tell you that they are laid back compared to the L100t3. Even though the tweeter and midrange can be defeated by
-2db each, I find that at 0db (no defeat) they are still laid back by comparison. They are more directional (due to their compact mirror image setup) and it seems that they are a lot smoother in the upper midrange (where the L100T (T3) was too forward)--around 3kHz I think. There is something different about that poly midrange in the 120ti too. I think it is drier than the 104H-2 in the L100T. Plus it seems to be more airy than forward as well. The harsh upper midrange I experienced before is more tame and I'm not sure if it is refinement in the 044ti vs. the 035ti or if it is crossover refinement for the ti series--or both factors. I think the 120ti is more refined overall as a whole and with some more adjustment to their positioning, they may be a perfect new set of mains.

One thing I'd like to try: I'd like to temporarily swap the 104H drivers from the 120ti's to the L100T (T3) speakers and see if the midrange improves. I will eventually be taking the 120ti's down and pulling all drivers to oil the cabinets anyway so I could satisfy my curiosity during that time. Thoughts?

johnlcnm
12-07-2016, 07:43 AM
Maybe some insight. I went through a similar issue with a pair of 4425s. Very rough in the upper mid range. Replaced the diaphragms in the 2416s with Radian aluminum diaphragms. Also replaced the 2416s with 2426s which had the upgraded phase plugs. Still had the upper mid range roughness. Ended up replacing the 2214h woofers with 2206h's. Changed the woofer crossover to 2nd. order Bessel low pass with woofer inductance compensation. Big difference!! Very smooth midrange, boomy bass gone. If you look at the response of the 2214h there is a massive breakup at 2kH. That probably was the issue. I know that your L100T3s have an improved version of the 2214h. Probably the "dash one" designation. Guess/Swag on my part.

Regards,

John

johnlcnm
12-07-2016, 08:16 AM
Also wanted to add: I am not saying that 2206Hs would work in your boxes. They are larger in volume than the 4425s. I considered the 128h. This woofer has a much smother response up to it's rolloff. The woofer crossover in the 4425s is also a half octave higher then your L100ts. The 4425 boxes are probably tuned higher also. I measured them at 40 Hertz.

A response chart for the 128h:

danfan78
12-07-2016, 04:44 PM
Maybe some insight. I went through a similar issue with a pair of 4425s. Very rough in the upper mid range. Replaced the diaphragms in the 2416s with Radian aluminum diaphragms. Also replaced the 2416s with 2426s which had the upgraded phase plugs. Still had the upper mid range roughness. Ended up replacing the 2214h woofers with 2206h's. Changed the woofer crossover to 2nd. order Bessel low pass with woofer inductance compensation. Big difference!! Very smooth midrange, boomy bass gone. If you look at the response of the 2214h there is a massive breakup at 2kH. That probably was the issue. I know that your L100T3s have an improved version of the 2214h. Probably the "dash one" designation. Guess/Swag on my part.

Regards,

John

One issue with swapping the 128H into the L100T is that it has a different sensitivity than the 2214 and the crossover low pass filter isn't tuned for it. I found that out when I tried the 4412 crossovers in the L100T. Their low pass filter is tuned for the 128H so the 2214 was boomy, among other issues. I didn't yet have access to a pair of 128H's to try at that time and I sold the 4412 crossovers months ago. Also, note that I have the L100T with L100T components. The only exception is that I'm running L100T3 crossovers in them. I would like to try the 104H midrange from the 120ti in the L100T because sensitivity and response are similar to the 104H-2, but the poly cone and aluminum dust cap just may smooth out the midrange. I really am beginning to think that the biggest difference between the L100T and the 120ti is in the tweeter and attenuation circuit in the crossovers.